Saturn is a very large planet, and it is not surprising that it has many moons. In fact, Saturn comes in second place when it comes to the number of moons each planet has in our Solar System. First place goes to Jupiter.
Saturn has over 150 moons and satellites. However, of these vast numbers of moons, only 62 are known and confirmed as moons. That means that 62 are shown and known to orbit around Saturn, just like our single Moon orbits around Earth. However, only 53 of them have been officially named, so nine of the moons are still waiting on their official name!
A lot of the moons are small, and many of the moons are included in Saturn’s system of rings. The biggest moon, however, is Titan. Titan is bigger in size than Mercury and Pluto. Titan also happens to be Saturn’s first discovered moon, which was discovered in 1655. This large moon has significant amounts of nitrogen and methane gas. Four more were discovered in the late 1600s. Even more moons were discovered in the 1980s with the Voyager spacecraft.
The moons are carefully categorized and grouped based on a few characteristics: size, proximity to the planet (Saturn), and orbit. Many of the larger moons are icy. Others have geysers that spew gas, dust, and ice. Enceladus is one of Saturn’s named moons, and it has over 100 geysers near its south pole.
While they all the moons may seem icy and rocky, the moons offer a variety of landscapes and surfaces. In fact, some of the moons are oddly shaped. We like to think of moons as round and spherical, but they come in different shapes and size. For instance, Saturn’s moon Hyperion has an odd appearance. It is often described as looking like a potato, and it is described as being spongy. Rhea is another moon that is interesting because while it has lots of craters, it does not have a core. Rhea is made of ice and rock. Its appearance often causes it to be compared to a dirty snowball.
These are only a few descriptions of Saturn’s many moons, some of which are not even named or have yet to be confirmed. While Saturn has over 150 moons, or moon-like objects, revolving around it, Saturn has 62 confirmed moons.